PIB’s Early Passage Threatened as Stakeholders Seek Fresh Alterations

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A week before the latest deadline to pass Nigeria’s long-awaited Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB), demands for big changes, including from community leaders seeking an increased share of revenues, could push its passage into late this year, four sources have told Reuters.

The last-minute wrangling over the bill, which aims to modernise Nigeria’s petroleum industry and attract a shrinking pool of global fossil fuel investment dollars has disappointed those who hoped the political alignment of the presidency and the National Assembly would break the jinx that has stalked the overhaul efforts for 20 years.

Among the changes are proposals to publicly sell shares in the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) and implement market-based prices for gas to power.

Reuters reported that at acrimonious meetings in the Abuja during the week, community leaders revived demands to increase their share of petroleum produced in their regions to 10 per cent, up from 2.5 per cent.

Communities with oil exploration in Northern Nigeria’s Lake Chad region and the middle of the country are also seeking a greater share of oil revenues.

The National Assembly goes on recess in early July, so if the package is not approved within the next two weeks, it cannot become law until September.

Lagos-based consultancy firm, Financial Derivatives Company (FDC) Limited, had said last week that the failure to pass the oil overhaul bill cost some $15 billion annually in lost investment.

“With the global shift from fossil fuels to renewable forms of energy picking up pace, the passage of the (overhaul) may just be too little too late.

“It is unlikely that Nigeria will be able to make up for either the lost time or the lost investment,” it said.

Two sources, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Chief Timipre Sylva, had backed floating NNPC shares, which could allow the financially strapped company to raise money and operate more efficiently.

But the diminished state control that a float would bring is expected to scuttle its chances.

Sylva also pressed for market-based prices for gas in the power sector, which experts say would boost investment in Nigeria’s erratic power sector. However, since the measure would also be likely to increase electricity prices, it too could fail.

A spokesman for Sylva did not comment on the proposed changes or expected passage of the bill.

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